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October 18

Page history last edited by Chris Koch 7 months, 3 weeks ago
1859  Henri Bergson was born. A Nobel laureate, Bergson asserted that the phenomena of mind could not be understood by the methods of science. 
1880  James McKeen Cattell enrolled at the University of Göttingen and studied under Rudolf Lotze. Cattell went to Leipzig and worked under Wilhelm Wundt after Lotze died in 1881. 
1890  Charles F. Menninger read a paper titled "The Insanity of Hamlet" to a literary club in Topeka, Kansas. The research Menninger did for this paper has been cited as a beginning point in his interest in psychiatry. Mennninger, with his sons Karland William, founded the multi disciplinary Menninger Clinic in 1919.
1897  Isabel Briggs Myers was born. Myers constructed the Myers-Briggs Type Indicator, which was based on the personality theory of Carl Jung as interpreted by Myers and her mother, Katharine Briggs. 
1917  Mamie Phipps Clark was born. Clark's studies on the self-concepts and color preferences of African American children demonstrated the pervasive effects of racism and were cited in the U.S. Supreme Court decision on Brown v. Board of Education. Clark also founded the Northside Center for Child Development (1946) in the Harlem district of New York City. 
1917  The U.S. War Department created the Air Service Medical Research Laboratory within the U.S. Army Signal Corps. This unit, now the U.S. Air Force School of Aerospace Medicine, was organized at Hazelhurst Field, New York, on January 19, 1918. John B. Watson was on the first medical research board and Knight Dunlap headed the Psychology Department, which studied personnel selection, ability requirements, and the effects of mental state on pilot performance.
1928  Clara M. Davis's article "Self-Selection of Diet by Newly Weaned Infants" was published in the American Journal of Diseases of Childhood. Often cited in introductory texts, this classic study showed that infants will choose a well-balanced diet if given free choice of foods.
1934 Santiago Ramon y Cajal (born May 1, 1852) died on this day in Madrid, Spain. During his career, Cajal published over 100 articles in Spanish, French, English and German primarily focusing on the structure of the nervous system. He was professor of Histology and Pathological Anatomy at Barcelona and later the Director of the National Institute of Hygiene and of the Institute of Biological Research in Madrid. He won the Nobel Prize for Physiology and Medicine in 1906.
 
1961  J. McVicker Hunt's book Intelligence and Experience was published. By 1979, Hunt's book had been cited by over 490 other publications and was chosen as a citation classic by the journal Current Contents.
1967  Haldan Hartline, George Wald, and Ragnar Granit won the Nobel prize for their studies of the chemistry and physiology of vision. 
1989  Roger Sperry was awarded the National Medal of Science for his research on neurospecificity and hemispheric specialization. 
1994  President Clinton presented the 1995 National Medal of Science to Roger N. Shepard, recognizing 30 years of research in cognition. Shepard's studies of mental imagery have provided objective, quantitative evidence regarding human thought and perception. His findings have been applied to diverse problems, such as aircraft cockpit design, educational programming, and the detection of breast cancer. 

 

 

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