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December 27

Page history last edited by Chris Koch 2 years, 2 months ago


1546  King Henry VIII presented a deed of covenant granting Bethlehem Hospital to the city of London.  The transfer was completed on January 13, 1547, when Henry VIII signed the letter patent which officially ratified the deed.  The hospital was founded as a priory in 1247, taken under the care of the city of London in 1346, and seized by Edward III in 1375. 
1571  Johannes Kepler was born.  A by-product of Kepler's study of planetary motion and optics was an understanding of the optics of vision.  Kepler proposed that the retina, not the lens, was the site of visual reception. 
1791  The state of Maryland passed a law regarding treatment of two people with mental illness, Mary Brown and her daughter, Eleanor Love.  The law recognized that Brown and Love were in a state of lunacy, "and appropriated public funds for their care. Before the establishment of state mental hospitals, it was common for state laws to refer people with mental illness to alms houses, jails, the care of relatives, or to provide support on a case-by-case basis." 
1831  The Beagle departed England with Charles Darwin aboard as ship's naturalist. 
1892  The first annual meeting of the APA was held at the University of Pennsylvania.  The first address, given by G. Stanley Hall, was History and Prospects of Experimental Psychology in America.The first annual budget was $63. 
1893  The second annual meeting of the APA was held at Columbia College.  Mary Calkins and Christine Ladd-Franklin were elected to membership at this  meeting.  They were the first women members of the APA.  The APA was the second American scientific society to admit women members.  The American Association for the Advancement of Science had women members before 1860. 
1904  The first annual meeting of the Southern Society for Philosophy and Psychology was held at Johns Hopkins University.  James Mark Baldwin was the first president of the association, which adopted its constitution at this meeting. 
1906  The annual meeting of the APA coincided with the formal opening of Emerson Hall at Harvard University.  The building was the first in the United States planned as a psychology facility and housed the psychology, philosophy, and sociology departments.  It symbolized the permanence of psychology in American university curricula.  Hugo M√ľnsterberg presided over the ceremony. 
1918 Milton Rokeach was born.  Rokeach's studies in social psychology concentrated on the relation between the rigid, dogmatic personality style and attitudes, social ideology, prejudice, and problem solving.  His book The Open and Closed Mind (1960) presented this research.
1935 The first modern psychiatric surgery to sever the neurons of the frontal lobe was performed. Portuguese surgeon Egas Moniz performed the operation at Santa Marta Hospital in Lisbon.  Plugs, or cores, "of tissue were severed by rotating a wire loop inside the brain. Moniz won a Nobel prize for this work."
1945 APA Division 20 (Adult Development and Aging), the first APA division created by petition from the APA membership, was admitted by the APA Council of Representatives.  The division had two earlier titles--Old Age and Maturity, and Adulthood and Old Age--before adopting its present name.
1976 The Nebraska Psychological Association was incorporated.



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