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March 31

Page history last edited by Chris Koch 2 years, 12 months ago
1596  RenĂ© Descartes was born. Descartes was the first great thinker to break with the scholasticism of the Middle Ages. He proposed that the mind and body were separate but interacting entities. Descartes attempted to define the basic qualities of mind, studied properties of the nervous system, and wrote on the optics of vision. 
1881  Sigmund Freud received his MD degree from the University of Vienna. His dissertation topic was the reproductive system of eels. As a medical student, Freud discovered the analgesic properties of cocaine. 
1902  The first annual meeting of the American Philosophical Association began at Columbia University. James E. Creighton, of Cornell University, was elected president. Many members of the new organization had represented the philosophical tradition within the APA. Their departure left the APA with a narrower empirical and applied focus. 
1903  Roger G. Barker was born. Barker's ecological psychology defined the behavior setting to be the determinant of many human behaviors. His 24-year longitudinal study of Oskaloosa (Midwest"), Kansas, is an exemplary model of field observation. APA Distinguished Scientific Contribution Award, 1963. 
1906  Marianne Frostig was born. She contributed to the areas of educational therapy, learning disorders, and assessment. Her Developmental Test of Visual Perception is well-known to workers in learning disabilities. 
1929  Martha T. Mednick was born. Mednick's interests have been in personality and social research, achievement motivation, and women's issues, especially African American women's issues. Her books Research in Personality (1963, with Sarnoff A. Mednick) and Women and Achievement: Social and Motivational Analyses (1975, with Sandra S. Tangri) reflect her expertise. 
1960  Milton Rokeach's book The Open and Closed Mind: Investigations Into the Nature of Belief Systems and Personality Systems was published. Twenty-two coauthors assisted in producing the book. In 1979, this book was featured as a citation classic in the journal Current Contents and had been cited in over 1,295 other publications. 
1965  Nancy C. Waugh and Donald A. Norman's article "Primary Memory" was published in Psychological Review
1967  Charles Truax and Robert Carkhuff's book Toward Effective Counseling and Psychotherapy was published. 



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